History of pearls

Science of periculture

Ten facts about pearls

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Science of periculture


The Thalia necklace and earrings from the Artemis Collection.

Today, pearls are cultivated in many locations such as Japan, China, Australia, the Philippines and Myanmar, and the farming techniques are improving steadily.

The Silver or Gold Lipped pearl oyster is the largest living species, and is harvested for it's Mother of Pearl as well as the Australian silver and white pearls, and the gold ones from the Philippines and Japan. South Sea pearl sizes range from10-18mm, with the largest one recorded at 24 mm.

Black Lipped pearl oysters are responsible for producing Tahitian pearls, which are usually ringed or grooved, with those imperfections actually adding distinction to jewelry as well as being immediately identifiable as real specimens.

Akoya saltwater pearls are usually found in shades of white, yellow, pink and cream, but have overtones in many shades, with the white/rose and pink/rose being the most highly prized.

Freshwater pearls are grown in mussels in lakes, rivers and streams, and they now rival the marine mollusks in luster and color. They can grow very large, and the range of colors is as exciting as are the variations of shape.

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